TPR stands for Total Physical Response and was created by Dr. James J Asher. It is based upon the way that children learn their mother. I am inserting some excellent information written by Dr. James , the originator of TPR. It will provide you with the basic concepts and philosophy of this. Most of the studies reported in this article were supported by a research contract from the Personnel and Training Branch of the Office of Naval Research.

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I didn’t know I could do this. From his experiences, Asher outlined three main hypotheses about learning second languages that are embodied in the total physical response method.

What is TPR – Updated: Immersion and Dual Language

The right brain can process information coming in on parallel tracks while the left brain is limited to one track. Mother tongue mirroring Sandwich technique Back-chaining Dictogloss Information gap. Commands, not Control” William J. Initially, students learn the meaning of the commands they hear by direct observation.

This will transform the scary alien creatures in the chapter into warm, familiar friends. It has stood “the test of time” for over 50 years in thousands of language classrooms worldwide.

Total physical response

Talking comes from Broca’s area located in the frontal lobe of the left brain. Instructors are perceived by their students as “miracle workers.

Especially for students in elementary and middle school. All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Teachers do not have to limit themselves to TPR techniques to teach according to the principles of the total physical response method.


Something exciting happens when teachers use language-body conversations in the classroom. Beware of “brain overload” When the instructor in traditional classes asks students to “Listen and repeat after me!

How to make the transition to speaking, reading, and writing?

Total physical response – Wikipedia

Notice that when children acquire their first language, they become fluent native speakers at a concrete level of discourse; then gradually acquire abstractions in context or by asking direct questions such as: She’s looking at me! Traditional textbooks, in azher opinion, are notorious for trying unsuccessfully to force understanding of abstractions before students are ready.

For demonstrations, see his books and articles on arithmetic and algebra. Silently, the child is internalizing the patterns and sounds of the target language.

Asher calls this “a language-body conversation” because the parent speaks and the infant answers with a physical response such as looking, smiling, laughing, turning, walking, reaching, grasping, holding, sitting, running, and so forth. Notice that these “conversations” continue for many, many months before the child utters anything more intelligible than “mommy” or “daddy.

Asher hypothesizes that speech develops naturally and spontaneously after learners internalize the target language through input, and that it should not be forced.

For example, infants do not start life speaking their native language. Students enjoy getting out of their chairs and moving around. List of countries where English is an official language List of countries by English-speaking population Most commonly learned foreign languages in the U.


This is to help students differentiate the new words from those previously learned, and to facilitate integration with their existing language knowledge.

Retention with TPR is analogous to riding a bicycle. Asher sees developing listening comprehension skills as the most efficient way of developing spoken language skills. Asher recommends that teachers focus on meaning and physical movement to avoid stress. A Review” by James J. Views Read Edit View history. TPR is based on the premise that the human brain has a biological program for acquiring any natural language on earth – including the sign language of the deaf.

Grammar is not explicitly taught, but is learned by induction.

It contains TPR lesson plans and is widely used by both elementary jmes secondary teachers across the United States, and in 18 other countries. For example, to claim that this is a “desk” and this is a “chair” and this is a “window” is absurd in the student’s brain.

Asher He is the recipient of many awards for excellence in teaching, including the highest academic honor of “Outstanding Professor” from San Jose State University, which has a faculty of 1, PhDs and 30, students.