18 Nov Oromos meeting to discuss social affairs under the shades of an Odaa Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system. Unique Features of Oromo Gada Governance System Compiled and Prepared By Endale Alemu Hora MA student in Leadership and Good Governance BA in. Moral values in the Oromo Gada system: an ethno-philosopical reflection.

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Rule of laws in Gadaa System governance in such a way that every individual must obey ‘Safuu’ moral values and ‘Seeraa’ law monitored by Qaalluu. Preserving Heritages Is Preserving Identity Cultural and historical heritages are the manifestation of a given society’s social, economic and political identity. The Oromo Nation is the community concerned with the Gada gadq.

Unique Features of Oromo Gada Governance System | Endale Alemu –

However there is penalty for his absence. The councilors are elected and proclaimed as leaders of their group or class at syste beginning of grade IV. However, counting back the Gadaa leaders in power, xystem at 74th Gadaa leader and multiplying it by eight years, one can reasonably conclude it has been practised since at least the early s.

AllAfrica is a voice of, by and about Africa – aggregating, producing and distributing news and information items daily from over African news organizations and our own reporters to an African and global public. It was purely invented by the Oromo and it is one of the most remarkable political systems which was highly democratic with effective legislative and judicial institutions. In the Gada System, the supremacy of the law is paramount and the equality of all before the law is sacrosanct.


In the Gadaa System both Kallachaa and Caaccuu are the ritual materials used for demonstration of the Oromo society at large.

All activities and life of each and every member of the Oromo was guided by an egalitarian socio- economic and political structure of the society called the Gada system. Citizen apathy is at the root of our modern political system’s crisis. Publishers named above each report gaea responsible for their own content, which AllAfrica does not have the legal right to edit or correct.

There are systm inter-generational rules of the Oromo society under the Gada system of which the basic rule is the position of a man on the Gada cycle is always five grades forty years ahead of the grade of his sywtem.

Hence, he seeks to balance the individual freedom of expression on the one hand, and the orderly environment of deliberation on the other. The conceptualisation of the postcolonial state in Africa is also highly influenced by the present predicaments see: Establishing Confidence sytem the Judiciary Ethiopia: The entire class progresses through eleven different grades, each based on an eight-year cycle, and each with its own set of rights and responsibilities.

Horn Affairs

Oromo philosophy, art and calendar are based on Gada as an expression of Oromo civilization. Asmerom Legesse’s explanation, Gadaa is a system of generation classes that succeed each other every eight years in assuming political, military, judicial, legislative and ritual responsibilities. In the middle of the deliberations he intervenes to make sure that a topic is meant to be in the meeting orimo discussion rather than debate.

Discourses around the origin of democracy contain a clear binary separation between “us” and “them” which over-simplifies the complex odomo evolution of political systems. It is difficult to tell when exactly Gadaa system sgstem since is seens as an intrinsic element of the indigenous Oromo’s everyday lives and not an ‘institution’.


Similarly, studies systm on African civilization also gives some details on the evolution and development of Gadaa System. Abbaa Kallachaa and Haadha Caaccuu were identified from other member of the society by possessing the ritual objects of Kallachaa and Caaccuu to play pivotal role in socio-political and religious life of the Oromo society.

Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo Ethiopia Inscribed in The Zulu and the Fulani though they had military strength they had no horses and cavalry forces.

Still among various Oromo groups Qaalluu is believed to be the eldest son of Oromo and therefore given the title of father.

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GADAA – Socio-Political & Economic Structure of Oromo People

Desisa Dethrones Kamworor in New York. Baxter and Uri Almagor eds. The infant joins, sometimes, very old men who are members of the genealogical generation.

It is a term loosely used for so many varied concepts that it has not any single meaning. There were many age sets under each grade and many Cibras under one age set.

Active members implement all laws set by the passive members.