BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Dacryodes edulis is a medium-sized, evergreen tree attaining a height of. m in the forest but not exceeding 12 m in plantations. Abstract Dacryodes edulis is a dioecious, shade loving, evergreen tree, indigenous to the Gulf of Guinea and widely cultivated in other tropical parts of Africa for. PDF | Dacroydes edulis is a plant with many trado-therapeutic seeds are used traditionally as a remedy for stomach problems like.

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Its main constituents are: Les Plantes Utiles du Gabon. Growth ring boundaries indistinct or absent.

Ethnobotanical uses of medicinal plants of two ethnoecological regions of Cameroon. Year ISBN Description The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc. Ripening fruits Photograph by: During a flush, the leaf form changes abruptly from cataphylls 0 – 3 per flush to normal leaves with 11 – 19 leaflets.

An oil suitable for cosmetics and food can be extracted from the fruit, but this is not yet done commercially.

Dacryodes edulis 1, base of bole; 2, leaf; 3, leaflet; 4, inflorescence; 5, male flower in longitudinal section; 6, fruit; 7, endocarp; 8, seed Redrawn and adapted by Darcyodes. Dacryodes edulis Aluka – Dacryodes edulis G. Butter fruit tree, bush butter tree, African pear tree, African plum tree En. Please help improve this section if you can.


The leaf-sap is instilled into the ear for ear-trouble[ ].

The decoction of the bark is taken orally to treat leprosy. For these reasons some fruit is harvested most of the year in several areas, but the main season is June to November north of the equator and December to April south of it.

The bark resin also finds application in the food and cosmetic industries as thickener, flavour, stabilizers and as and as an emulsifying agent Ekpa, Leaves alternate, imparipinnate; stipules absent; petiole up to 7. QR Code What’s this?

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The fruit is an ellipsoidal drupe and can be eaten raw, cooked, or roasted. Review of the African plum tree Dacryodes edulis. The timber can be peeled satisfactorily. In Democratic Republic of Congo, the plant is employed for the treatment of divers ailments. The leaves of Dacryodes edulis elicited very eduulis antioxidant effect when analyzed against three assay methods: Boiling inactivates the enzymes so that the pulp hardens[ ].

The bark is pale grey.

They are glossy and pubescent, the pubescence disappearing with age. Concoctions of the leaves are ingested to treat disorders of the digestive tract, toothache and earache. In Cameroon, the larvae of a Carpophilus sp.

Dacryodes edulis – African Orphan Crops Consortium

Mineral elements such as phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, zinc and manganese are also found in the pulp and seed of the plant Ajayi and Adesanwo, Several species have edible fruits. When applied in lotions and creams, the resin smoothens and protects the skin Ekpa, Essential oils of Dacryodes edulis G.


Fruiting branch Photograph by: The oil of fruits of D. Dacryodes edulis fruiting branch. This is a QR code short for Quick Response which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Lost Crops of Africa.

Between January and Junealmost tons of fruits, valued at USDwere traded in the humid lowlands of Cameroon Verheij, Older trees flush infrequently. Cuttings have proved dacryodees ]. The extracts and secondary metabolites have been found to show antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. The fatty acid compositions of fruit pulp oil of 2 cultivars of D. The tree flowers at the beginning of the rainy season and bears fruits during 2 to 5 months after flowering.

Volatile components, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of the essential oil of Eduis edulis G.

In Africa, about 20 species have been found, all of section Pachylobus ; Gabon seems richest with approximately 10 species.